I dedicate this book to my beloved wife and my children who have supported me throughout the entire research program. I will always appreciate them all for what they have done for me. I would like to acknowledge and give special thanks to my academic Supervisor Captain Ashraf Mohamed Nour Halawa - Head of Oil and Gas Training Program and Vice Dean of Maritime Safety Institute for foreign Affairs. I appreciate all of his dedication to develop the research study. I also thank Dr. Nivane Helmy El Fishawy -Director of the Office of Vice President Maritime Affairs & Managing Lecturer at the college of Engineering & Technology for her patience and effort resulted in having the research in such image. I would like also to acknowledge and thank the dean of Regional Maritime Security Institute Captain Tarek Moustafa amen El Kholy and all of its devoted staff who gave me support and guidance throughout the entire thesis program especially Captain Mohamed Mahmoud Abd El Fattah.